Creation vs. Evolution - Big Bang Theory
“At the beginning of time, all the space, matter, and time of the universe was compressed into infinite or near-infinite density (compactness). It began to expand from there. Very early in its expansion, energy in the form of very high-energy gamma radiation condensed into subatomic particles, most of which collided again to produce gamma rays. As the expansion continued, however, the gamma rays became stretched. Once stretched so far, they lacked the energy necessary to produce more subatomic particles. But the density and temperature for a time was high enough to fuse heavy particles together to produce atomic nuclei. This continued until the expansion had dropped temperatures and pressures below what was needed for fusion.
“During this entire period, the universe’s particles were so close together that light could not travel very far before it bounced off them. Not until the expansion separated the particles far enough could the light become free to travel through the universe. Traveling in every direction because of earlier collisions, the light moved ever afterward, going in all directions into space. Billions of years of expansion since this event stretches the original gamma radiation into microwaves. Evidence of such a beginning of the universe would be found: (1) in the large ratio of particles of light to particles of matter, (2) in light elements in abundances inversely proportional to their mass, and (3) in microwave radiation coming in uniformly in all directions. Because each of these expectations is known to be true of our universe, the Big-Bang theory is well evidenced. Because the microwave radiation was a prediction of the theory even before it was possible to detect such radiation, the Big Bang theory is even more powerfully supported … ‘Is the Big Bang true biblically?’ It cannot be true for the following reasons:
- According to Scripture, the universe is only about six thousand years old; the Big-Bang theory requires it to be billions of years old. (Exodus 20:11 – ‘For the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and everything in them in six days.’)
- Subatomic particles, the elements, and many of the compounds of the universe were created in a single day of Creation Week; the Big-Bang theory has these things developing over billions of years.
- The Big Bang assumes that the matter of the universe is uniformly distributed. That something is wrong with the Big Bang theory is evidenced by the fact that the microwave radiation has actually been found to be too uniform – more uniform than the distribution of matter in the universe.
- The Big-Bang theories include the unboundedness of the universe and its uniform distribution of matter. The universe must have no boundary. Yet Scripture seems to infer that there is a boundary to the universe. On the fourth day of Creation Week, God placed the sun, moon, and stars within the firmament (space, or expanse) of the heavens (Genesis 1:14-18). Two days earlier He had placed this firmament in order to separate ‘the waters above’ from the waters below the expanse (Genesis 1:6-8). There are many different explanations of just what is being referred to by ‘the waters above.’ When the passage is carefully considered, there is a strong suggestion that all the bodies of the universe are bounded above by ‘waters above.’ If so, the universe is bounded, and this basic assumption of the Big Bang is invalid.”
Adapted from Kurt P. Wise and Sheila A. Richardson, Something From Nothing (Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2004), 51-53.