The Christian and the Government: A Delicate Balance

By Richard Land
Jul 10, 2007

Americans celebrated the 231st birthday of their nation last week with picnics, parades and pyrotechnics. While it may not have been a topic of conversation within most gatherings on July 4, it is worth pondering what a government ordained by God looks like.

For the Apostle Paul writing to the Romans, it was the Roman Empire—not what you would call an enlightened regime. You and I wouldn’t like it even if we had been Roman citizens. Yet Paul referred to these pagan rulers as governing authorities established by God, and he instructed persecuted Christians to submit to them “for conscience sake”:

Everyone must submit to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except from God, and those that exist are instituted by God. So then, the one who resists the authority is opposing God’s command, and those who oppose it will bring judgment on themselves (Romans 13:1-2 HCSB).

Americans are fortunate to have a much higher government standard: “government of the people, by the people, for the people,” founded on the principle that all people are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights.

Don’t ever let anybody tell you that the founding document of the United States is the Constitution. The U.S. Constitution is really the enabling document for the founding document of our nation, the Declaration of Independence.

Government, along with its appointed officials, is ordained by God to curtail evil in the world. That is its primary responsibility: to protect those who do right and punish those who do wrong. “For rulers are not a terror to good conduct, but to bad. Do you want to be unafraid of the authority? Do good and you will have its approval. For government is God’s servant to you for good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, because it does not carry the sword for no reason. For government is God’s servant, an avenger that brings wrath on the one who does wrong” (13:3-4).

Our Christian obligation is to support the government through tribute and through taxation. It is our godly duty to obey the law even when no one’s looking: “Therefore, you must submit, not only because of wrath, but also because of your conscience” (13:5). It is our godly duty to obey the laws even if we disagree with them, unless in doing so we would disobey God, and seek to change them in a peaceful manner. We are to render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and unto God the things that are God’s.

The Apostle Paul’s command in Romans 13:6-7 is clear: “And for this reason you pay taxes, since the [authorities] are God’s public servants, continually attending to these tasks. Pay your obligations to everyone: taxes to those you owe taxes, tolls to those you owe tolls, respect to those you owe respect, and honor to those you owe honor.”

We need to obey the law and pay our taxes. If we don’t, we can expect that sooner or later the hammer of the government will come down and we will have brought reproach upon the Gospel.

We have a ministry to the world as “salt” and the “light” (Matt. 5:13-16), and we all have responsibilities to the civil authorities. A biblical lifestyle requires us to maintain the proper balance between the three divinely ordained institutions of family, church, and government, and to insure that no one sphere leans so far over onto another sphere that the proper equilibrium is disrupted.

Whether or not America has a future worth having doesn’t depend on what happens in Washington, D.C., or what happens in the Supreme Court or in the Congress. It depends on what happens with you, and people just like you; and your family, and families just like yours; and your church, and churches just like yours, with godly pastors after God’s heart and church members thirsting for God’s Word. Our future is in His hands (Psalm 121:1-2).

We must not limit our patriotic reflections to Independence Day, for every day is a wonderful day to ponder the precious freedoms we enjoy in this great country. Every day is a day to give thanks to our Almighty God, whose hand has surely been upon this nation. And every day is a day to commit anew our resolve to pray for spiritual revival to sweep across our nation.

Further Learning

Learn more about: Citizenship, Christian Citizenship, Church and State,


1 On Jul 10, 2007, at 8:15am, eric wrote:

What a load of horsepucky!!! Your attempt to arrogate “the three divinely ordained institutions of family, church, and government,” as unique to either Christianity or to the US of A is at best an insult to anyone whose age has not passed their IQ!! The same principles are evident in most non-Christian, non-American societies.

It’s ignorant drivel like this that reenforces the stereotype of Christians as mindless dolts. If this is what passes for intelligent thought in the Christian community, the stereotype is, unfortunately, true!!

2 On Jul 10, 2007, at 9:41pm, Allen B. Taylor wrote:

When you talk about, “everyone must submit to
the governing authorities”, in Romans 13:, it
must be stressed, “lawful government”, that is
if human laws conform to the “laws of nature
and nature’s God”, then yes. If a human law
goes contrary to the laws of nature and
nature’s God, or the Constitution, then no way
are you to submit. Acts 5:27,28,29

3 On Jul 11, 2007, at 12:03am, J.D. Strouth wrote:

Few people who believe in God could disagree that “family, church, and government” are “divinely ordained institutions”.

Many today would regard our Founding Fathers as radicals.  James Madison, known as the “Chief Architect of the U. S. Constitution”, and the 4th President of the United States, wrote on June 20, 1785, “Religion is the basis and Foundation of Government.”  Madison attended Princeton University, which had as its creed, “Cursed be all that learning which is contrary to the cross of Christ.”

4 On Jul 13, 2007, at 12:21am, Brian wrote:


I think that you are reading into the quoted words an intention that is not there. Dr. Land did not say that families, churches, or governments did not characterize non-Christian/non-US societies. He instead said that these things were divinely instituted. The fact that many societies value families, churches, or governments seems to provide evidence that he is correct. 

Further, the main point of the sentence (and a part you did not quote) is that a biblical lifestyle requires keeping these in balance. If you disagree that the Christian Bible teaches this balance, and that Dr. Land’s exegesis is so off base as to suggest incompetence in reading and interpreting these Scriptures, then you might have a basis for your accusations against him and other intelligent Christians. 

However, considering that you appear to have misread, misquoted, and misinterpreted his words, you might want to be a bit more charitable with your “drivel” and “dolt” accusations in the future.

5 On Jun 20, 2008, at 6:54pm, Larry Robertson wrote:

Thank you, Brian. Excellent response to Eric.

6 On Feb 26, 2009, at 1:42am, Tyler wrote:

Let us not forget as well that there is a huge difference between ‘to obey’ and ‘to submit’. We as Christians are to obey God, there is no higher authority. When the laws of this world’s governments go against the active Kingdom of God, revealed to us through The Word or from the Holy Spirit, we are not to obey man. But, by choosing to follow God rather than man we are also required to submit to the punishment given to us for knowingly doing so.  Take a look back at any Christian Martyr, they accepted the worldly punishment for their so called ‘crimes’ against the state, happily, honored by the chance to embrace the cross. We are to be in the world not of it, forces of change, for as my friend always says, “The church is like a piece of coal that when placed under pressure becomes a diamond.” It’s so easy to throw around the verse where Christ says you must be born again, but no one wants to consider when he said, “Take up your cross and follow me.”

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