Last week, the House of Representatives voted 218-208 to repeal the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency’s (OCC) 2017 ‘True Lender’ rule. Republican Rep. Glenn Grothman (WI-06) voted to pass this bipartisan Congressional Review Act (CRA) aimed at the OCC’s misguided rule. The bill now heads to President Biden’s desk for his signature or veto.
The 2017 OCC rule allowed payday lenders to partner with out of state banks, thus evading state interest rate caps in their own state. This partnership is known as a “rent-a-bank” scheme, which allows banks to “rent” their name to lenders in an outside state in order to avoid consumer protection laws. The rule states that these partner banks operated as the ‘true lender’ and originator of the loan, so though the consumer and the payday lender are in one state, their state laws did not apply to the loan. The Congressional Review Act allows Congress to repeal rules promulgated by a federal agency, such as this 2017 OCC rule.
The ERLC has long applauded states’ efforts to curtail unjust lending practices in their states. Currently, 19 states and the District of Columbia have 36% interest rate caps. We believe that these common sense consumer protection laws should be respected rather than undermined by federal regulation. Predatory lenders should not be granted a loophole from state laws that promote responsible and honest lending practices and that represent the will of the voters of those states.
As the Southern Baptist Convention affirmed in 2014, “predatory lending fails to respect the dignity of the person created in the image of God and interferes with human flourishing.” To learn more about the harms of payday lending and why Southern Baptists oppose it, read the ERLC’s explainer here.
Six years ago, the ERLC joined the Faith for Just Lending Coalition (FJL) to advocate for an end to the payday debt trap. FJL has been working since the 2017 OCC rule was first proposed to oppose its implementation and released a statement yesterday applauding the House for its vote to repeal the harmful rule.
The ERLC is grateful to both chambers of Congress for taking action to roll back this harmful regulation. Predatory lending is out of step with God’s design for financial relationships, and we celebrate this progress toward ending the payday debt trap.
The ERLC will continue to advocate for legislation that curbs payday lending, including for the re-introduction of the Veterans and Consumers Fair Credit Act (VCFCA). To learn more about the VCFCA and why the ERLC supports it, read our issue brief here. The ERLC is proud to have advocated for the repeal of the OCC’s ‘True Lender’ rule and we urge President Biden to swiftly sign it into law.