Article  Human Dignity  Life  Marriage and Family  Religious Liberty  Christian Living

5 facts about Independence Day

July 4, 2017, will be America’s 241st Independence Day, the day Americans celebrate our Declaration of Independence from Great Britain.

Here are five facts you should know about America’s founding document and the day set aside for its commemoration.

1. July 4, 1776 is the day that we celebrate Independence Day even though it wasn’t the day the Continental Congress decided to declare independence (they did that on July 2, 1776), the day we started the American Revolution (that had happened back in April 1775), the date on which the Declaration was delivered to Great Britain (that didn’t happen until November 1776), or the date it was signed (that was August 2, 1776).

2. After the War of 1812, the Federalist party began to come apart, and the new parties of the 1820s and 1830s all considered themselves inheritors of Jefferson and the Democratic-Republicans. Printed copies of the Declaration began to circulate again, all with the date July 4, 1776, listed at the top. Celebrations of the Fourth of July became more common as the years went on and in 1870, almost a hundred years after the Declaration was written, Congress first declared July 4 to be a national holiday as part of a bill to officially recognize several holidays, including Christmas. Further legislation about national holidays, including July 4, was passed in 1938 and 1941.

3. The signed copy of the Declaration is the official, but not the original, document. The approved Declaration was printed on July 5th, and a copy was attached to the “rough journal of the Continental Congress for July 4th.” These printed copies, bearing only the names of John Hancock, President, and Charles Thomson, secretary, were distributed to state assemblies, conventions, committees of safety, and commanding officers of the Continental troops. On July 19th, Congress ordered that the Declaration be engrossed on parchment with a new title, “the unanimous declaration of the thirteen united states of America,” and “that the same, when engrossed, be signed by every member of Congress.” Engrossing is the process of copying an official document in a large hand.

4. John Hancock, the President of the Continental Congress at the time, was the first and only person to sign the Declaration on July 4, 1776 (he signed it in the presence of just one man, Charles Thomson, the secretary of Congress). According to legend, the founding father signed his name bigger than everyone else’s because he wanted to make sure “fat old King George” could read it without his spectacles. But the truth is that Hancock had a large blank space and didn’t realize the other men would write their names smaller. Today, the term “John Hancock” has become synonymous with a person’s signature.

5. The 56 signers of the Declaration did not sign on July 4, 1776, nor were they in the same room at the same time on the original Independence Day. The official signing event took place on August 2, 1776 when 50 men signed the document. Several months passed before all 56 signatures were in place. The last man to sign, Thomas McKean, did so in January of 1777, seven months after the document was approved by Congress. Robert R. Livingston, one of the five original drafters, never signed it at all since he believed it was too soon to declare independence.



Related Content

politically divided country

Placing Our Hope in Christ Alone

A red state perspective, part 1 of 3

The Big Sort: Ministering in a Politically Divided Country America is politically and culturally...

Read More
federal regulations

Explainer: 5 additional federal regulations the ERLC is pushing back against

Part three

Part 1Part 2 Over the past month, the Biden administration has finalized numerous problematic...

Read More

5 facts about John Leland

Baptist preacher and religious liberty advocate

Saturday marks the 182nd anniversary of the death of John Leland, the most influential...

Read More
5 facts about the Baptist Faith and Message

5 facts about the Baptist Faith and Message

In less than a month, the Southern Baptist Convention (SBC) will be holding its...

Read More
anxiety

10 things Christians should know about kids and anxiety

Providing peace and refuge in a post-pandemic world

Much needed attention has been drawn to the spike in mental health concerns experienced...

Read More
suicide

5 facts about suicide in the U.S.

A new poll finds that nearly 7 in 10 (68%) adults feel they are...

Read More